What Are The Principles Of Infection Prevention?

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections.

You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person..

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

How do you prevent infection in the body?

Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infectionsWash your hands well. … Cover a cough. … Wash and bandage all cuts. … Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.

What is infection control and what are your responsibilities?

It means preventing and controlling illnesses that can be spread in the health-care. setting. The purpose of infection prevention and control is to identify and reduce. the risk of infections among patients, employees, medical staff members, contract.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

What is infection control checklist?

What is an Infection Control Checklist? An infection control checklist or infection control assessment tool is used in healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics, and nursing homes to assess cleanliness, infection control practices, and compliance with hygiene standards.

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the 3 levels of infection control?

There are three levels of decontamination: cleaning, disinfection and sterilization. 2.1. 8 Cleaning: A process which physically removes infectious agents and the organic matter on which they thrive but does not necessarily destroy infective agents.

What is the goal of infection control?

Infection control program has the main purpose of preventing and stopping the transmission of infections. Specific precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission depending on the microorganism.

What are the 3 types of prevention?

The three levels of preventive care—primary, secondary, and tertiary care—are detailed below:Primary Prevention. Primary prevention aims to avoid the development of a disease or disability in healthy individuals. … Secondary Prevention. … Tertiary Prevention.

What are the two ways of prevention of disease?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

How is prevention better than cure?

There are certain diseases that can not be treated so the prevention is better than cure. When someone is ill, person body functions get weakened and can never fully recover. It takes time to cure a disease and the person is likely to be in bedridden for some time, even though adequate care is provided to him.

How can you prevent viruses?

Apply recognised hygiene measuresAlways keep your hands clean. … Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands. … Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth. … Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.More items…•

What is the most effective level of infection control?

They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients. Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.

What are the two basic principles of prevention of infectious disease?

Hygienic conditions should be maintained in the surroundings we live in. There should be limited exposure to airborne microbes by providing not so crowded living conditions. Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases. Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes.

What are infection control practices?

These measures include:Hand Washing.Infection control standard, contact, droplet and airborne precautions.Procedures for decontamination of persons and disinfection of equipment and the environment.Quarantine of contacts (if necessary)Prophylaxis of exposed individuals.Control of the vectors of infection.