Quick Answer: What Is Abnormal CSF?

How do you perform a CSF exam?

A CSF sample is commonly collected by performing a lumbar puncture, which is also known as a spinal tap.

An analysis of the sample involves the measurement of and examination for: fluid pressure..

What is the normal range of CSF?

Normal Results CSF total protein: 15 to 60 mg/100 mL. Gamma globulin: 3% to 12% of the total protein. CSF glucose: 50 to 80 mg/100 mL (or greater than two thirds of blood sugar level) CSF cell count: 0 to 5 white blood cells (all mononuclear), and no red blood cells.

What is considered high protein in CSF?

EVALUATION. Spinal fluid protein concentration is usually moderately elevated, with concentrations in the 150 to 300 mg/100 mL range.

What does blood in CSF indicate?

Finding red blood cells in the CSF may be a sign of bleeding. However, red blood cells in the CSF may also be due to the spinal tap needle hitting a blood vessel. Additional conditions which this test may help diagnose include: Arteriovenous malformation (cerebral) Cerebral aneurysm.

How do you check for a CSF leak at home?

A pledget study involves placing small cotton pads (called “pledgets”) into the nose. This test is used to confirm the presence of a CSF leak, although it cannot determine the exact location of the leak. To determine the exact location of the leak, a CT cisternogram would be performed.

Is CSF test safe?

The CSF culture is not dangerous, though CSF collection does have risks. Risks of lumbar puncture include: discomfort or pain during the procedure. bleeding into the spinal cord, particularly in people who take blood thinners or have a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)

How do I know if I have runny nose or CSF?

Rhinorrhea (runny nose) that is clear and watery may be the first sign of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea. 1 Other signs and symptoms may include: Headache. Salty or metallic taste in the mouth1

What does abnormal spinal fluid mean?

Spinal fluid is normally clear and colorless. If it’s cloudy, yellow or pink in color, it might indicate abnormal bleeding. Spinal fluid that is green might indicate an infection or the presence of bilirubin. Protein (total protein and the presence of certain proteins).

What can CSF tell you?

A CSF analysis may include tests to diagnose: Infectious diseases of the brain and spinal cord, including meningitis and encephalitis. CSF tests for infections look at white blood cells, bacteria, and other substances in the cerebrospinal fluid.

Does high protein in CSF mean MS?

Cerebral Spinal Fluid Studies Oligoclonal Immunoglobulin Bands can be identified in the CSF of MS patients via electrophoresis. The overall protein level is also slightly elevated – up to 0.1 g/L. Protein level can be higher if the patient is going through a marked relapse (i.e.,. severe optic neuritis).

Is a CSF leak an emergency?

A CSF leak is a serious health issue. It involves this type of fluid escaping through a tear in the dura mater. The symptoms of a CSF leak include fluid drainage from the ears or nose and a headache that worsens when the head is upright.

How do you read CSF results?

Interpretation of CSF results from lumbar puncture (LP)Appearance: Clear.Opening pressure: 10-20 cmCSF.WBC count: 0-5 cells/µL. < 2 polymorphonucleocytes [PMN]) ... Glucose level: >60% of serum glucose.Protein level: < 45 mg/dL.Consider additional tests: CSF culture, others depending on clinical findings.