Question: How Do You Get SSSS Infection?

What does scalded skin syndrome look like?

Characteristics of the SSSS rash include: Tissue paper-like wrinkling of the skin is followed by the appearance of large fluid-filled blisters (bullae) in the armpits, groin and body orifices such as the nose and ears.

Rash spreads to other parts of the body including the arms, legs and trunk..

How can you prevent staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome?

How is staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) prevented?Avoidance of the primary staphylococcal infection that may lead to the toxic syndrome.Timely treatment of established staphylococcal infections.Identification and treatment of asymptomatic carriers.

Is staph skin infection contagious?

A staph infection is contagious if the wound is weeping or draining and if people share towels or other items that are contaminated. Wearing foot coverings in locker rooms and other commonly used areas can help prevent contamination.

What is staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome?

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is a response to a Staphylococcus “staph” infection. It causes a reddening and blistering of the skin that gives it a scalded or burned look.

How do you treat SSSS?

Once SSSS is diagnosed, the treatment consists of supportive care and eradication of the primary infection. Patients need fluid rehydration, topical wound care similar to the care for thermal burns, and parenteral antibiotics to cover S aureus.

How does scalded skin syndrome start?

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is usually from a bacterial infection. In children, the disease usually begins with fussiness (irritability), tiredness (malaise), and a fever. This is followed by redness of the skin. The disease can be life-threatening and needs treatment.

How is SSSS transmitted?

In SSSS the toxin spreads to the skin through the blood stream and specifically binds to a target protein very high in the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) producing total body reddening of the skin and blistering and sloughing of the skin resembling a hot water burn or scalding of the skin.

How long does scalded skin syndrome last?

With prompt diagnosis and treatment, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome rarely causes death. The topmost layer of the skin is quickly replaced, and healing usually occurs within 5 to 7 days after start of treatment.

Can adults get scalded skin syndrome?

Adults rarely develop the syndrome because of antibodies to the exotoxin. Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome can be mistaken for bullous impetigo. Both cause blistering skin lesions caused by the staphylococcus exotoxin, but in the latter, the exotoxins remain localized to the site of infection.

How common is SSSS?

SSSS — also called Ritter’s disease — is rare, affecting up to 56 people out of 100,000. It’s most common in children under 6.

Can you get scalded skin syndrome twice?

Recurrence of SSSS appears to be even more uncommon, especially among preterm neonates. Dobson et al [13] describe an adult patient who developed SSSS 8 days following the cessation of antibiotics for a chest infection and pressure sores.

When should I see a doctor about a staph infection?

When to See a Doctor About Staph You should make an appointment with your doctor if you have: Any suspicious area of red or painful skin. High fever or fever accompanying skin symptoms. Pus-filled blisters.

Is SSSS contagious?

The Staph bacterium that causes SSSS can be passed from person to person (contagious). However, many healthy people carry Staph bacteria in a number of places on the body, such as the surface of the skin or in their noses, without getting sick.

What does a staph infection look like?

Skin infections can look like pimples or boils. They may be red, swollen, and painful. Sometimes there is pus or other drainage. They can turn into impetigo, which turns into a crust on the skin, or cellulitis, a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot.

Why does my skin feels scalded?

The location of the sensation can give a good indication of its cause. For example, a burning feeling in the muscles may be the result of an injury, while a burning sensation on the skin is likely the result of having come into contact with an allergen or an irritant, such as poison ivy.