Is Rheumatic Heart Disease Permanent?

How long does rheumatic heart disease last?

In some cases, the inflammation causes long-term complications.

Rheumatic fever can cause permanent damage to the heart (rheumatic heart disease).

It usually occurs 10 to 20 years after the original illness, but severe cases of rheumatic fever can cause damage to the heart valves while your child still has symptoms..

What is the main cause of rheumatic heart disease?

What causes rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease is caused by rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disease that can affect many connective tissues, especially in the heart, joints, skin, or brain. The heart valves can be inflamed and become scarred over time.

What happens if you have rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disease, can affect many connective tissues, especially in the heart, joints, skin, or brain. The infection often causes heart damage, particularly scarring of the heart valves, forcing the heart to work harder to pump blood.

Is rheumatic heart disease chronic?

What is rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease describes a group of short-term (acute) and long-term (chronic) heart disorders that are caused by rheumatic fever. It usually occurs 10-20 years after the initial illness. Not everyone with rheumatic fever will go on to develop rheumatic heart disease.

How is rheumatic heart disease prevented?

Ideally, ARF and RHD can be prevented. Antibiotic therapy (such as penicillin) to treat Group A Streptococcus throat infection can dramatically reduce the risk of ARF and its complication, rheumatic heart disease. If ARF or RHD do occur, long-term antibiotics can reduce progression to more severe disease.

Which valve is most commonly affected by rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic heart disease most commonly affects the mitral valve (which has only two leaflets; Figure 2) or the aortic valve, but any valve can be affected, and more than one can be involved.

What is the most common complication of rheumatic fever?

Rheumatic fever can cause long-term complications in certain situations. One of the most prevalent complications is rheumatic heart disease….If left untreated, rheumatic fever can lead to:stroke.permanent damage to your heart.death.

What are the complications of rheumatic heart disease?

Some complications of rheumatic heart disease include:Heart failure. This can occur from either a severely narrowed or leaking heart valve.Bacterial endocarditis. This is an infection of the inner lining of the heart. … Complications of pregnancy and delivery due to heart damage. … Ruptured heart valve.

Can rheumatic heart disease be inherited?

It is not clear why some people who are infected with group A Streptococcus bacteria go on to develop rheumatic fever, while others do not; however, it appears that some families may have a genetic susceptibility to develop the condition.

How long does rheumatic fever last?

Rheumatic fever can last from 6 weeks to more than 6 months. Your long-term health depends on how your heart has been affected by the disease.

How common is rheumatic fever in adults?

About three people out of every 10 who have a strep throat infection develop rheumatic fever. One common and potentially dangerous effect of rheumatic fever is damage to the valves of the heart. No single test can confirm a diagnosis of rheumatic fever.